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1. THE WINGS OF THE LABORATORI
1.1 Paragliders
1.2 Single skin paragliders
1.3 Hang gliders
1.4 Rigid wings

1.5 Hybrids HG/PG
1.6 Parachutes
1.7 Kites
2. ACCESSORIES
3.
SOFTWARE
4. OTHER
5.
TECHNICAL INFORMATION AND MATERIALS
6. STUDIES
7. BOOKS
8. SPECIAL ARTICLES
9. MEETINGS


       1. THE WINGS OF THE LABORATORI

  1.1 Paragliders

Glider
Year
lep files
dxf_2d  dxf_3D
Airfoils:
Surface (m2)

Experimental






experience 2008




Only idea
Ascender 2009


Ascender.dat

Simplex
2009




Only idea
hiLAB
2009




Only idea
gnuMagic
2011



24,32

Speed, Miniwing






gnuEASY
2009

DWG S/M/L
gnuEASY.dat 21/26/30

speedLAB
2009

DWG
gnuEASY.dat16

gnuA13
2016
lep
plans_EF 2d 3d
gnua gnuat 13

gnuA13-M 2019





gnuA13-HA 2020





gnuA13-C
2022





Hegala
2022



14.3

Begginer gnuLAB series






gnuLAB12007
-
CAD
gnulab1
25.75
Made with CAD +
 flattening subroutine
gnuLAB2 "Barretina"
2010
lep
CAD DWG format
3D model DXF 3D
gnuLAB2 25,03
Double surface
"Barretina"
Barretina 611
2011


gnuLAB225,03
Barretina mod
gnuLAB2.52014
lep pre 2d 3d
gnulab3 airplan3
  25,03 

gnuLAB32014
lep pre

gnulab3


gnuLAB4
2018





Begginer:






gnuA1
gnuA 20 "Bat"
2015/2021
lep pre

gnua gnuat
20/23/27,02

gnuA2
2016/2021
lep pre
gnua gnuat25

gnuA3
2017/2021
lep pre
gnua gnuat 25

gnuA4
2019/2021





gnuA5
2020/2021





gnuA5-31 "Chengdu" 2021





gnuA6
2021



22/24/26/33

gnuComet
2022





Performance:






gnuC
2018/2021



25/27

gnuReflex
2022






Other projects:
Snow Owl
2019
Altair Paragliders
Poland
Accuracy
2020
Altair Paragliders
Poland
Sagitta 2021
Altair Paragliders
Poland
Ghost 11
2021
Hugo Chauvin
France

  1.2 Simple sail paragliders:

Model
Sizes
Pannels
span
AR
Constructor
Where
Project
Notes
Simple sail
paragliders

models
Model



Laboratori d'envol
TeiÓ, Catalonia 1992-

gnupwing

3


Laboratori d'envol TeiÓ, Catalonia 2002
Sailwing
(Rogallo)
video
gnupwing-2l
2






gnuswing





-

Sailwing
(Barish)
PampaCAT
[en] [es] [ca]

2


CZWings
La Pampa, Argentina

Sailwing
(Rogallo)
gnuPSF








gnuPSF
18,75
19
7,50
3,0
Alberto
Veneto, ItÓlia
Built 2017
Experimental
gnuPSF-evo-19 19,21
23
8,50
3,76


project 2018
gnuPSF-evo-10
10
23
5,95
3,76
Laxman Rawat
Mumbai, India
Built september 2020
Experimental
BHL1








BHL
25,03
29
10,84
4,7
Adrenaline Paragliders
Yecla, Spain
Built (winter 2011-2012)
Produced by Adrenaline
"Batlite" 19, 22, 25 m2
BHL-JAP
25,03
29
10,84
4,7
JAP
Baden-WŘrttemberg, Germany
Built (2012)

BHL-18
18,02
29
9,20
4,7
Fertito Custom Designs
Grenoble, France
Built (August 2013)

Deryk Goerke
San Diego, California USA
Built (May 2016)
video
BHL-S








BHL-S
20,00
23
9,18
4,2
-

Only DXF
Simplified
BHL-P








BHL-P
22,50
29
10,28
4,7
CZWings
La Pampa, Argentina
Started november 2013

BHL-P CR
22,50
29
10,28
4,7
Manuel Herrera
Heredia, Costa Rica
January 2017

BHL2








BHL2-23
23,03
33
10,69
5,0
-

Only DXF

BHL2-19
19,00
33
9,71
5,0
BASE World
Olonne-sur-Mer, France
Built (October 2013)
BHL2-JPS
23,03
33
10,69
5,0
JPS
Fontanes, France
Built (Octobert 2013)

BHL2-19 laf
19,00
33
9,71
5,0
 ╔ric Dumazert
Nţmes, France
2014

BHL2-16
16,00
33
8,91
5,0
Julien Millot - Slack.fr -
Skyliners Team
Annecy, France
Built (October 2014)

BHL2-23m 23,03 33
10,69
5,0
Arnaud MartÝnez Germany Built august 2015
BHL2-21
21,00
33
10,20
5,0
Dmitry Anisenkov Izhevsk, Russia. Built (January 2016)
Alp'Skin 21
Thierry Bosq
Hautes Alpes, France
Built (July 2016)
Alp'Skin 19
19,00
33
9,71
5,0
Thierry Bosq Hautes Alpes, France Built february 2017

BHL2-19-am
19,00
33
9,71
5,0
Alexandre Parapente Aubagne-Marseille, France Built (July 2022)
BHL2-16-evo 16
33
8,91
5
JosÚ GuillÚn La Palma, Canary Islands Built november 2018
BHL2-16-evo 16
33
8,91
5
Arnaud MartÝnez
Germany
Under construction (May 2021)
BHL2-19-CH
19,00
33
9,71
5,0
Zhu Guoqiang Chengdu (Sichuan, China) Built

BHL3








BHL3
18,00/
27,00
39

5,66
Adrenaline Paragliders
Yecla, Spain
Experimental 2016-2017
BHL4








BHL4
20/22/24
35
-
4,69


project 2020
EN-A concept
BHL4-16 "Suluk2"
16





2022

BHL4-31 "Hermes"
31





2022

BHL5








BHL5
16/20/24
39
-
5,66


project 2020 EN-B concept
BHL5-Bi
31
39
13,24
5,66


project 2020
BHL5-16-HA
16
39

5,66
Thierry Bosq
Hautes Alpes, France Built (July 2021)

BHL5-16-TA
16
39

5,66
Eric Fontaine
Tarnos, France
Built (August 2021)
BHL5-24-CH
24
39

5,66
Zhu Guoqiang Chengdu (Sichuan, China) Built 2021

BHL5-16
"Limetti"
16
39

5,66
Tim Weber
Sauerland, Germany
May 2022

BHL6








BHL6

63

8,01


project 2021

BHL7








BHL7
10/22
33
7,04/
10,44
4,96


project 2022



1.3 Hang gliders:

Hang glider
Notes
Year

GG Hang Glider
by Gilberto Guitarte, a 18 ft standard
Rogallo with 80║ nose angle
2021
GG
gnuAtlas

2018

gnuFloater
In preparation
2016
"gnu" version of the Perfex / Falcon 4 floaters
miniSPS
In preparation
2016

gnu-porta-glider cable leading edge hang glider,
superlight and packs under 1,5m 


gnudwing-cl bowsprit crosstube-less
hang glider.

bhg
SPS2008 Short Pack Standard Hang Glider 2008
sps2008
gnuSTAR Initial ideas

gnuSTAR
xtralight (1993)

1993

Labclassic (1993)
1993

ctlss (1993)
1993



1.4 Rigid wings:               
Bow rigid wing  initial analysis delka analysis
gnu-V Rigid wing
project for a type "Icarus V" / "Fledge"
gnu-V-petit
gnuchanute Rigid wing project for a Chanute/Hang Loose...
gnu-quicksilver Rigid wing only the name
lab-mill Rigid wing Wing with the planform and controls
of Millenium and structure of
Fledge...
New Hybird Glider

New Hybird Glider by Thierry Blanc
 
1.5 Others:
Paramontante II
[en] [es]
Hybrid HG/PG
Built and tested
by CZWings
woopy-lab Hybrid HG/PG
AVL Free flight gyroglider

 
1.6 Parachutes:
  

Parachute
Notes
GNU AntiG aka "Swiss-cheese-chute" Designed and built by Jeremy Paxson (Germany), in September 2022.
A much needed safety complement for pilots flying high performance wings!
gnu-paracommander

Round ascending
parachute type
"
Paracommander"
or "
Parasail
gnuparasail petit
lab-BASE-R
lab-BASE-7c
gnuBASE
project
gnuSoyuz
1000 m2 spacecraft main parachute

1.7 Kites:      

JouetBHL
4.0 m2
Paraglider single skin
gkite
3.01 m2
Kite single skin
Parafoil simple face
0.25 m2
Rectangular single skin
MF-3
7.5 m2

Kait 5m2
5 m2

Kait 7m2 7 m2

KD-01
6.65 m2
Kite demonstrator, experimental construction
KD-01sk
6.65 m2
Kite demonstrator, experimental construction


2. ACCESSORIES

Finess˛metre  simple geometric device to know the inclination of our flight or that of the mountain

Anemometer Laboratori


gnu-e
emergency parachute "Pull Down Apex"...

gnustop  drag stop parachute

lab-wh crossed bands for HG/RG ground training

Mountain arness

lab-fd light cover for delta wing


3. SOFTWARE

3.1 Design software

LE hang gliding design program LEHG-0.2
LE Paragliding 3.19 Laboratori d'envol paragliding design software. Manual. FAQ.
Open Glider Laboratori? LEparagliding integration inside OpenGlider/FreeCAD
LEPGUI GUI Tcl/Tk Version
Leparagliding GUI Python version
Geometry pre-processor 1.6 for use (optional) with LEparagliding
AirFreeCAD macro to read and analize airfoils in FreeCAD
air2dxf (Fortran version. Airfoil conversion from .dat format to .dxf)
air2dxf (GNU Octave version)
ac airfoil converter (airfoil conversion from .dat format to especial .txt format for use with leparagliding)
leparachute 0.2 parachute and parasail design program

3.2 Other design programs very Recommended

SingleSkin paragliders by Nikolay Rainsiv
Openglider advanced paraglider design software GNU/GPL 3.0 by Simon Klemenc and Lorenz Lechner
XFLR5 is an analysis tool for airfoils, wings and planes operating at low Reynolds Numbers

3.3 Additional Programs and Scripts

Scripting:
vpm generates a dxf mosaic of paperspaces with viewports ready to "publish" in PDF.
Scripting: alog2colors Autocad commands log file to colors data file for use in leparagliding.txt
ta Track Analysis program (.gpx files)
Source code not compiled. For UNIX computers:
Script in language "bash" for drawing hang gliders
Joukowsky airfoils. FORTRAN program for computing and drawing airfoils.

Perfils NACA.
FORTRAN program for computing and drawing airfoils.
Simple surface airfoils. Geometrical definition and drawing program.
Conversion of GPS waypoints to .dxf for CAD. Aplicaton to Catalunya waypoints.

4. OTHER

Artificial training hill

Portable delta ramp: a ramp of 5 m unevenness that can come apart, load in a van and ride in any flat place  well directed at the wind, and near home...

Autogiro for free flight AVL

Inflatable and transportable dune for soaring  flights ("groundhandling" and "free-style"...) 

Sand dune estude for Ocata beach

5.
TECHNICAL INFORMATION AND MATERIALS

- Paraglider aerofoil fitting
-
Aluminum alloys and HG tubing
- Fabrics (PG/HG)
- Suspension lines
- Thread and needles
- Cables
- Aeronautical screws AN
- Steel maillons
- Maillon estructural analysis

- PG classical planforms
- HG classical planforms
- Real paraglider airfoils
- Vario seat, concept
- Cage, concept

6. STUDIES

LEP to XFLR5 wing analysis in minutes, by Francois de Villiers
CFD paraglider wing study, a first run. By Francois de Villiers.
CFD Study of the gnuC airfoil, by Francois De Villiers
2022-05-08 Notes about prototype adjustment
Lines optimization in LEparagliding
Airfoils 3D rotations in LEparagliding. Study of geometric transformations to rotate airfoils in three axes.
Bird-like shaped profiles for single-surface paragliders. In search of a new single skin airfoil, optimal triangle design, Stork project, analogy with suspension and cable-stayed bridges, and other questions, by Arnaud Martinez and Pere Casellas.
A device for experimental study of deformations and wrinkles. Dream of the paraglider scientist.
September 2020, thinking again about equilibrium in flight.
3D-Shaping notes:
PART 1: Notes
on the 3D formation of the leading edge in a paraglider, using ripstop fabric
.
PART 2: 3D-shaping programming strategy
PART 3: Negative 3D-shaping
PART 4: A device for experimental study of deformations and wrinkles
Theoretical and practical experimentation with single skin airfoils [en] [ru]

Read about scale changes
Read about DXF format

Ripstop elasticity test (2008)
Stress-Strain ripstop curves (I) (2009)
Stress-Strain ripstop curves (II) (June 2021)

Porosity check and water piston porosymeter
Notes on geometry problems in the design of paragliders (septembre 2007)
Parachute calculations, pressure, temperature, and air density influence
Parachute gore solving the parachute-parasail gore
 Однослойный профиль крыла эксперимент (2014-)

7. BOOKS

Paraglider design handbook [en] [ru]
Hangglider design handbook

8. SPECIAL ARTICLES

Philosophy of engineering and UNIX hackers (in preparation)
Single skin stiffening ideas
BarretinaHyperLite simple skin paraglider | Article: Why GNU gliders ?


9. MEETINGS

1st mono-surface single skin-schirm paragliding design meeting. Les Escaules august 2013.
2n
mono-surface single skin meeting Les Escaules (--)


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pere AT laboratoridenvol DOT com

Updated September 24, 2022
 
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Experimentant amb petit parawing
Experiencing with small parawing made of transparent plastic (TregurÓ, Pirineus 1999)
Foto: Xavier Moreno